Direct Compost Solutions understands that gardeners find plant propagation to be a very satisfying way of filling their gardens which is why we offer propagation equipment. Instead of purchasing plants, you use a variety of methods to produce plants from the stock you already have. Some forms of propagation are more problematic, and some species can be a challenge, but it is overcoming the difficulties that makes the process so gratifying.
Plants can reproduce sexually and asexually, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. Plants use flowers to make seeds to reproduce sexually. The two plants combine their genetic material to create offspring that have unique genetic combinations apart from the parents. Asexual propagation, also called vegetative propagation, requires only one parent from which a genetic clone is grown.
Sexual propagation is relatively easy because you use seeds to grow new plants. It leads to genetic variation which benefits your garden by making the plants less susceptible to disease. However, seeds can take a long time to mature.
Several methods exist that result in successful asexual propagation, but some plants can only reproduce using seeds so they won’t work on all species. Because vegetative propagation creates clones you know the traits you will be getting. However, if the parent has a flaw such as being inclined to a fungal infection, the offspring will have that trait too.
Cutting is a common form of vegetative propagation in many herbaceous plants. To reproduce a plant through cutting, you take a leaf or stem off the plant and place it in water until it grows roots. Rooting hormone can be added to the incision site to increase the success rate. You can also take cuttings from the roots of the plant, and if the root is used, it should be kept in the dark. Once the plant produces the structures it needs to survive in soil, you can transplant them.
Layering involves bending a branch from the parent plant and securing it to the ground using metal stakes. Once the branch develops a root system so it can support itself, you can sever its connection to the parent plant.
If a plant is getting too big, you can use division to bring it back down in size while producing new individuals. You need to dig up the plant and separate the root system making sure each new plant has enough roots to survive. Bulb or tuber roots are very easy to propagate using this method.
We have various propagation tools to make your efforts more convenient and more likely to be successful. For example, a propagation lid can protect a new seedling or cutting while it is starting to grow. A propagation dome keeps the moisture and temperature moderated, so the fledgling plants don’t undergo shock and die. If you need anything for your propagation or composting efforts contact Direct Compost Solutions and our friendly staff will help you with what you need.